Data sheet

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Cynara cardunculus

Description
Life formherbPhysiologymulti stem
HabiterectCategoryforage/pasture, vegetables, ornamentals/turf, medicinals & aromatic, weed
Life spanperennialPlant attributesgrown on small scale

Ecology
OptimalAbsoluteOptimalAbsolute
MinMaxMinMaxSoil depthdeep (>>150 cm)medium (50-150 cm)
Temperat. requir.1428738Soil textureheavy, medium, organicheavy, medium, light, wide, organic
Rainfall (annual)5508004501000Soil fertilityhighmoderate
Latitude28265254Soil Al. tox
Altitude --- --- -500Soil salinitylow (<4 dS/m)medium (4-10 dS/m)
Soil PH5.5757.5Soil drainagewell (dry spells)well (dry spells), excessive (dry/moderately dry)
Light intensityclear skiesvery brightlight shadevery bright

Climate zonesubtropical humid (Cf), subtropical dry summer (Cs), subtropical dry winter (Cw), temperate oceanic (Do), temperate continental (Dc), temperate with humid winters (Df), temperate with dry winters (Dw)Photoperiodneutral day (12-14 hours), long day (>14 hours)
Killing temp. during rest-10Killing temp. early growth-2
Abiotic toler.fire, coastal salt sprayAbiotic suscept.
Introduction risks.can become a weed

Cultivation
MinMax
Product. systemhome garden, small scale (manual)Crop cycle1,500300
Cropping systemSubsystemCompanion speciesLevel of mechanizationLabour intensity
sole cropping

(at most )

Uses
Main useDetailed useUsed part
food & beveragevitaminsleaves
food & beveragemineralsleaves
food & beverageproteinleaves
food & beveragevitaminsbark
food & beveragemineralsbark
food & beveragevitaminsfruits
food & beveragemineralsflowers
animal food (feed)vitaminsentire plant
animal food (feed)mineralsentire plant
animal food (feed)proteinentire plant
materialfibresbark
fuelsnon-wood fuelbark
medicinaldigestive system applicationsentire plant
environmentalmanure/fertilizerentire plant
environmentalornamental/turfentire plant