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Sinapis alba

SynonymsBrassica alba (L.)Rabenh., Brassica hirta Moench
Common namesBrassica junceae semen, Brassica nigrae semen, chieh, English mustard, gorshitsa, khardal, mastarda, mostaza, mosterd, moutarde, mustard seed, Oleum sinapi, senap, senape, Senfsaat, sennep, shiro-karashi, Sinapis albae semen, white mustard
Ecocrop code9787

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A tall herb reaching a height of 30-100 cm. The root is a thin taproot, sparsely branching, the stem is cylindrical, and the leaves are deeply lobed pinnate, and petioled. The flowers are yellow and the fruit is a hairy siliquae, 2-8 cm long, with 3-7 seeds. USES It can be grown for grazing or green manure. It can be grown in boxes and be cut 6 days from sowing for salad. The seeds are used as spice and yields 30% mustard oil. The oil is used as food, lubricant and illumination, and it also has medicinal properties. The plant is a good honey producer, yielding up to 40 kg/ha. GROWING PERIOD Annual. COMMON NAMES White mustard, English mustard. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: Brassica alba, B. hirta. White mustard is native of the Mediterranean region and western Asia. It is not commonly grown in the tropics. A dry season after the emergence of fruits will hamper the development of seeds, thus causing severe loss of yield. The expected yield is 0.5-1.2 t/ha. Mustard should not be sown in the same field within two years.
SOURCES (S. alba L.)
Hackett C 1982 pp 45 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Duke J 1975 pp 27 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Tindall H 1983 pp 138 [USE]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 192 [USE]
Purseglove J 1974 pp 91 [USE]
Hornok L 1992 pp 232-235 [TEMP, RAIN, KTMP, TEXT, FER, PH, USE]