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A tall deciduous tree, though seldom completely leafless, reaching a height of 35-45 m. The trunk is about 1/2 of the tree height and may reach a girth of 3 m. The crown is elongated in youth, later more rounded. On infertile site the tree may reach 20-25 m in height and 1.5-2 m in girth.
Sal, Hal, Borsal, Shal, Sakhu, Sakhwa, Salwa, Sakwa, Soringhi, Gugal, Thamba, Sarjakamu
Sal is found both in undulating and flat country, but it thrives at lower slopes and in valleys. It can be found at altitudes between 75-2000 m. Sal is one of the main commercial timbers of India.
Yearly potential volume production may be 8-12 m3/ha.
Joshi H 1980 pp 8-321 [TEMP, RAIN, TEXT, PH, KTMP, FER, LIG, DRA, DEP, USE]
Shrestha B 1989 pp 130
Zabala N 1990 pp 79-83 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, DEP, FER, TEXT, DRA, USE]