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Delonix regia

Authority(Boj. ex Hook.) Raf.
SynonymsPoinciana regia Boj. ex Hook.
Common namesacacia flamejante, acacia rubra, arbol del fuego, atbot (Guam), atbot det fuegu, atbut, avarua (Rarotonga, Cook Islands), fancy-Anna, fayarbaw (CNMIˆCarolinian), flamboiante, flamboyán, flamboyant acacia, flamboyant tree, flamboyante, flame tree, flor de pavao, gul mohur, nangiosákura (Palau), nangyo, ngatipa (Cook Islands), ohai Œula, ohai', peacock flower, pilampwoia weitahta (Pohnpei), pine, poinciana, puke (Tahiti), Royal poinciana, sakuranirow (Yap), sekoula (Fiji), Œohai
Ecocrop code880

DESCRIPTION: It is an evergreen or deciduous tree usually 10-15 m occasionally up to 18 m high, attaining a girth of up to 2 m. The trunk is large, buttressed and angled towards the base. Roots shallow. Flowers orange-red, almost scarlet and slightly fragrant. USE: Flowers are reputed to produce bee forage. The large pods as well as the wood are used for fuel. The bark yields gum and has medicinal properties. It is planted as a shade tree and living fence in dairy farms, tea plantations and compounds and as an ornamental in gardens. GROWING PERIOD: Perennial. COMMON NAMES: Flamboyant, Poinciana, Krishna chira. FURTHER INF: Scientific synonym: Poinciana regia. It originates from Madagascar, where it is now almost extinct. It is now widespread in most tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Trees can grow at higher altitudes than recommended, but flowering becomes erratic. The tree demands light and grows weakly and sparsely under shade. It grows in areas with both high and scanty rainfall. It has a superficial root system and competes successfully with the neighbouring shrubs and flowering plants, rendering bare the ground under its canopy. It should therefore be planted away from other plants in the gardens. Trees are deciduous only where the dry season is long and pronounced. It can be found at elevations between sea level and 2000 m. The range of natural occurrence is 12-15°S. The tree is fast growing and tolerant of salt winds. The tree seems to tolerate many types of soils from clay to sandy, but it prefers sandy soils.
SOURCES Delinix regia (Boj. ex Hook) Raf.)
Webb D 1984 pp 138 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, PH, DRA, SAL, LIG, USE]
ICRAF Agroforestree Database