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Cyamopsis tetragonoloba

Authority(L.) Taub.
SynonymsC. psoralioides DC.
Common namesbabachi, bavachi, capparadavari, cluster bean, cottaveraykai, cyamopse a quatre ailes, gavar, gawar, gawarkai, goor, goor-chikurkai, gorechikudi, goreekaye, gouree, govar, gowaree, guaerdou, guanra chhuim, guar, guar bean, guara, gunwar, guvarphalli, jhar sim, kotaranga, kotha-marakka, kothavara, kothaverai, kottavarai, mgwaru, walee-pe
Ecocrop code830

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A bushy, upright herb reaching up to 3 m in height. It has a vigorous root system. The stiff branches have white hairs and trifoliate leaflets, which are up to 10 cm long. The flowers are white or pink and the pods are straight, hairy, pale green and up to 10 cm long. USES It is grown for gum production. The young tender pods can be eaten as vegetables and the seeds are used as livestock feed. The plant is also grown as a green manure or used as fodder. Seed flour is used to improve the strength of paper and stamps or in textile sizing and as a thickener in ice creams and salad dressings. A water-soluble natural resin is also obtained from the seeds and is used in the food, paper, mining and petroleum industries. GROWING PERIOD Annual. Green pods starts forming after 45-55 days and are generally harvested 50-90 days after sowing, seeds ripen after 90-160 days. COMMON NAMES Cluster bean, Guar, Cyamopse a Quatre Ailes, Bakuchi, Gavar, Gorakshaphalini, Gorani, Gorchikuda, Gori, Kayi, Guaru, Khurti, Gruar, Kothaverai, Kulti, Kuwara, Siam Bean, Vah, Vahkiphali, Kotaranga, Kottavarai, Pe-walee, Walee-pe, Mgwaru, Goor, Gouree, Guwara, Gawar, Guvar, Guara, Guvara, Gowaree. FURTHER INF Cluster bean may have originated from India and Pakistan. It can in the tropics be grown successfully from sea level to 1000 m in elevation. Optimum yields is 45 t/ha of green fodder, or 6-9 t/ha of green pods or 0.7-3 t/ha of seeds. A high level of rainfall and relative humidity at flowering time can seriously affect fertilization and pod development. It is fairly resistant to pests and diseases when grown in a drier climate, but may suffer from pests under more humid conditions.
SOURCES (C. tetragonoloba (L.) Taubert)
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Tindall H 1983 pp 263-265 [DRA, TEXT, PH, SAL, TEMP, LIG, RAIN]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 250 [USE, TEXT, TEMP, RAIN]
Rehm S 1991 pp 373 [USE]
Duke J 1979 pp 101 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Kay D 1979 pp 72-85 [LIG, TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, PH, SAL]
Hackett C 1982 pp 35 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Bogdan A 1977 pp 338-340 [DRA, TEXT]
Duke J 1981 pp 70-73 [DRA, KTMP, LIG, TEXT, RAIN, TEMP, PH]
National AS 1975 pp 145
Rice R 1990 pp 315 [TEXT, DRA, PH, FER, TEMP, RAIN, PHO]