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Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

AuthorityL. [L.]
SynonymsBrassica botrytis Miller, Brassica oleracea var botrytis cauliflora
Common namesbroccoli, broccoli (Italian), brocoli (French), brocoli (Spanish), cauliflower, cavolfiore (Italian), chou fleur (French), coliflor (Spanish), heading broccoli
Ecocrop code553

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A shallow-rooted herb in the second year reaching up to 1-1.5 m in height. The edible portion, or curd, consist of a mass of abortive flowers on thick hypertrophied branches which are produced at the top of a short, thick stem. USES Grown as a vegetable rich in vitamins and minerals. Flower heads and stalks are eaten fresh, frozen or cooked in soups, other dishes, and pickled. KILLING T Young hardened plants may tolerate -5 to -10°C for short periods. GROWING PERIOD Biennial, normally grown as an annual. Harvest may be obtained after 60-120 days. COMMON NAMES
Cauliflower, Broccoli, Chou-fleur, Coliflor, Blumenkohl, Bloemkool, Courve-flor. FURTHER INF Cauliflower cultivars suitable for lowland tropical areas are available but cool conditions are normally required for optimum growth, such as are found in elevations above 1000 m. In subtropical climates it can be grown from sea level. Dry season cultivation with irrigation is preferable since the curds are likely to decay in wet conditions. Yields of up to 12-25 t/ha or 1-2.5 kg/m˝ can be obtained.
SOURCES (B. oleracea L. var. botrytis)
Tindall H 1983 pp 118-120 [FER, TEMP, PH]
Duke J 1975 pp 9 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Hartmann T 1981 pp 559-560 [TEMP, RAIN, KTEMP, FER, DRA, LIG]
Maas E 1990 pp 277
Roecklein J 1987 pp 478 [USE, FER]
Dube P 1982 pp 27
Hackett C 1982 pp 34 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Rice R 1990 pp 208-209 [FER, LIMIT, PH]
Hockings E 1961b pp 373-376 [DRA, TEXT, DEP]