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Caesalpinia sappan

SynonymsBiancaea sappan (L.) Tod.
Common namesbois sappan, Brazilwood, gango, pau de sapao, pau-Brasil, sapao, sappan, sappan Wood Tree, sappanwood
Ecocrop code4006

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A shrub or small thorny tree reaching 4-10 m in height with the trunk up to 14 cm in diameter. Leaves stipulate, bipinnate, up to 50 cm long, flowers yellow and pods 7-9 cm long, containing 2-5 seed. USES Its red heartwood produces a red dye, called bresil, used for dying cotton, silk and wool. In Indonesia, the wood is used for collouring drinks pink. The wood, bark and seeds have medicinal properties. The fruits contain tanning that can be used to prepare a black dye. The wood can be used for cabinet work, small handicrafts and firewood. The plant can be used as a living fence. The leaves are used to hasten ripening of fruits such as bananas and mangoes. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. First flowering can occur after one year of growth and in Indonesia pods are produced 13 months after planting. Flowering usually takes place in the dry season, fruiting 6 months later. For the production of dyewood the tree should be harvested every 6-8 years, for firewood every 3-4 years. COMMON NAMES Sappanwood, Indian redwood, False sandalwood, Indian brazilwood, Japan wood, Sappan, Kayu secang, Soga jawa, Secang, Sapang, Sepang, Teing-nyet, Teing-yet, Sbaeng, Faang deeng, Faang, Faang som, Ngaa i, Vang nhuom, To moc, Sibukoa. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: Biancaea sappan. Sappanwood is probably native of central and southern India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Malaysia. It occur naturally in hilly areas at low to medium altitude.
SOURCES (C. sappan L.)
Duke J 1981 pp 30-32 [TEXT, RAIN, TEMP, PH]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 57 [USE]
Lemmens R 1991 pp 60-62 [USE, TEXT, DRA, RAIN, TEMP, PH]
Green C 1995 pp 47-49 [USE, RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, DRA]