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Adenanthera pavonina

Common namesAcacia Coral, adenantero, Agati, Agati Petite Feuille, Arbreglise, Barbados coralwood, Barbados pride, bead tree, Bois Noir, Bois Noir de Bourbon, Bois Noir la Graine, Bois Noir Rouge, caralillo, caralín, carolina, chan‚trèi, circassian bean, circassian seed, Corail Vegetale, coral, Coral Wood, Coralitos, coralitos peonía, crab's eyes, Curly Bean, Deleite, Delicia, Dilmawi, église, Extranjera, flower-fence, Graine-r‚glisse, Graines Rouges, Jumbi Bead, jumbie bead, kitoke laut, Lagati, lam, legliz, Lera, lopa, L‚glise, ma clam ta cheng, ma clam ton, ma hok daeng, mai-chek, malatinglin, mangelim, olho de pavao, Paina, peacock flower-fence, peronía, peronías, Pitipitio, Pomea, Popoa, raktakambal, Red Bead Tree, Red Sandalwood, Red Sandalwood Tree, reglisse, R‚glisse, saga, saga telik, saga tumpul, sandal bead tree, sandalwood tree, segawe sabrang, suga, temo-carolina, tento carolina, Vaivai Ni Vavalagired, zumbic tree
Ecocrop code318

DESCRIPTION: It is deciduous tree reaching 6-15 m in height and a trunk diameter up to 45 cm. It is generally erect with dark brown to greyish bark. Multiple stems common, as are slightly buttressed trunks in older trees. USE: The seeds are roasted and eaten, they may require boiling to neutralize toxicity. Raw seeds are poisonous. Young leaves are eaten as a vegetable and also used as feed. The wood is used for bridge and household construction, flooring, paving blocks and vehicle bodies and also as fuel. Leaves bark and roots have medicinal properties. In Indonesia and Malaysia trees are planted for shade in coffee, clove and rubber plantations and are also extensively grown as an ornamental and street tree. Leaves are used as green manure. Mentioned as a agroforestry species. GROWING PERIOD: Perennial. COMMON NAMES: bead tree, circassian bean, circassian seed, coral wood, crab's eyes, jumbie bead, red bead tree, red sandalwood. FURTHER INF: It is native to southeast China and India. The tree has been introduced throughout the humid tropics. It has become naturalized in Malaysia, western and eastern Africa, and most island nations of both the Pacific and the Caribbean. It is a secondary forest tree favouring precipitation. Trees are found scattered in primary and secondary, evergreen to dry deciduous rainforests, but also in open savannah. The tree is susceptible to breakage in high winds, with most of the damage occurring in the crown. It is found on a variety of soils from deep, well-drained to shallow and rocky.
SOURCE: ICRAF Agroforestree Database.