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Rhodiola rosea

SynonymsRhodiola arctica A. Boriss., 1939, Rhodiola elongata (Ledeb.) Fisch. et C.A. Meyer, 1841, Rhodiola Hideoi Nakai, 1938, Rhodiola iremelica A. Boriss, 1939, Rhodiola Krivochizhinii Sipl, 1974, Rhodiola lapponica Gandoger, 1886, Rhodiola maxima Nakai, 1938, Rhodiola minor Mill., 1768, Rhodiola odora Salisb., 1796, Rhodiola odorata Lamarck, 1778, Rhodiola roanensis (Britton) Britton, 1903, Rhodiola Rosea L. ssp. arctica (A. Boriss.) A. Löve, 1961, Rhodiola Rosea L. ssp. elongata (Ledeb.) Jacobs., 1973, Rhodiola Rosea L. ssp. krivochizhinii (Siplivinsky) S. Gontcharova, 1999, Rhodiola Rosea L. ssp. roanensis (Britton) Jacobs., 1973, Rhodiola Rosea L. ssp. sacchalinensis (A. Boriss.) S. Gontcharova , 1999, Rhodiola Rosea L. ssp. Tachiroei (Franch. et Sav.) Jacobs, 1973, Rhodiola Rosea L. var. microphylla (Fröderström) S.H. Fu, 1965, Rhodiola Rosea L. var. oblonga (Regel et Tiling) Hara, 1937, Rhodiola Rosea L. var. scopolii (A. Kerner ex Simonkai) Soó, 1974, Rhodiola Rosea L. var. Tachiroei (Franch. et Sav.) Ha
Common namesartic root, burnirót, golden root, hong jing tian, iwa-benkei, king's crown, orpin rose, róeniec górski, roınis koren, roosilõhnaline kuldjuur, rosenrod, rosenrot, rosenwurz, roseroot stonecrop, rozchodnice rıová, ruusujuuri
Ecocrop code230348

DESCRIPTION: It is a succulent herb (5-)10 to 30 (50) cm tall, dioecious, with yellow flowers, and thick rhizomes. Pink buds open to yellow flowers in April and May. USE: It is traditionally used as a tonic and medicinal plant in Asia and Europe. Teas and alcoholic extracts are prepared from the rhizomes of the plant to increase physical and mental performance and resistance to variable stressors and infections. In northern Europe it is also cultivated as a garden ornamental. GROWING PERIOD: Perennial. COMMON NAMES: Roseroot stonecrop, Golden root, Artic root. FURTHER INF: It is found on rocky slopes in the mountains, subalpine meadows, wet streambanks, talus, coastal cliffs, rock crevices, arctic tundra. It is a circumpolar species. It grows in mountainous and in arctic coastal areas of the northern hemisphere. Indigenous from northern China over Russia to most of Europe. It adapts to the harsh conditions of high altitude (extreme cold, low oxygen, little rainfall, and intense irradiation from the sun.
EcoPort, Entity 230348, Schittko U., 2003