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Phaseolus vulgaris

SynonymsPhaseolus communis Pritzel, Phaseolus esculentus Salisb.
Common namesadenguare, bean - common, Buschbohne, common bean, field bean, french bean, frijol, garden bean, green bean, habichuela, haricot, haricot bean, haricot commun, haricot francais, kidney bean, mange-tout, Phaseoli legumina, piini, pini, pois, Reiserbohne, snap bean, Stangenbohne, wandou, wax bean
Ecocrop code1668

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A slightly pubescent, erect, herbaceous bush or twinning vine with well developed tap-root. Stem angular or nearly cylindrical, leaves trifoliate and flowers white, pink, lilac or purple. Bush cultivars are dwarf plants 20-60 cm tall with lateral and terminal inflorescences. Climbing cultivars may reach a length of 2-5 m. The pods are 10-20 cm long, containing 4-6 seeds or more. USES This bean is grown for food. The bean pods are often sold in processed forms, usually frozen, canned, or dehydrated. The seeds can be processed into dry flour or eaten boiled, baked or fried. They are good source of protein, vitamin B, and iron. Immature pods are eaten as vegetables. Leaves can be used as a potherb. The plant is used as forage. Leaves and fruits have medicinal properties. KILLING T Flowers are damaged at 5°C or below and the plant is killed by frost. GROWING PERIOD Annual, growing 50-90 days for fresh beans, and 90-270 days for dry beans depending on variety and altitude. COMMON NAMES Common bean, French Bean, Kidney Bean, Runner Bean, Snap Bean, String Bean, Garden Bean, Green Bean, Haricot bean, Bush bean, Navy bean, Pole bean, Harcot a couper, Harict, Haricot commun, Haricot pain, Haricot vert, Judia, Frijol comun, Bohne, Frash bean, Rajmah, Vilaiti sem, Kachang bunchis, Kachang merah, Bonchi, Buncis, Boontjis, Bo-sa-pe, Pe-bya-gale, Pegay, Sandaek barang, Thwax falangx, Tua kack, Tua kheak, Tua phum, Dau ve, Butingi, Habichuela, Mula, Adagora, Ashanguare, Fajola, Zada-adagonna, Chilemba, Chimbamba, Manawa, Edihimba, Maharage, Ojoo, Caraota, Frijol, Fasolia, Wake, Akidi, Okwe, Haragwe, Haragi, Awuje, Habichuela, Poroto, Chumbinho opaco, Icaraota, Pinto bean, Porotillo, Princess bean. A popping type of common bean grown in the Andean mountains are known under following names; Nunas, Popping beans, Popbeans, Numia, Nudia, Hudia, Kopuro, Chuvi, Poroto, Purutu, Porotillo. FURTHER INF Common bean is probably native to tropical South America. It can be found at elevations from sea level to 3000 m, most cultivars thrives between 600 and 2000 m, but cultivars for tropical sea level exist. Popping beans are grown between 1800 and 3000 m in the Andean mountains. Common bean require medium to high humidity especially at flowering, but to high humidity will, like poor drainage, generally result in disease problems. Hail can cause serious defoliation and loss of the crop. For harvesting, drying and threshing of the beans dry weather is required. Photosynthesis pathway C3. To acid soils should be avoided since the reduce the activity of the Rhizobium nitrogen fixing bacteria. Common bean is not as efficient as many other legumes in utilizing the nitrogen-fixing Rhizobium bacteria which inhabit the root system. The average yield of dried beans is 0.5-1.5 t/ha, but yields up to 2.8-5 t/ha have been reported. Yields of green pods of up to 5-7.5 t/ha have been reported.
SOURCES (P. vulgaris L.)
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Roecklein J 1987 pp 484 [USE]
Landon J 1984 pp 280 284 287 289
Tindall H 1983 281-284 [TEXT, PH, DRA, RAIN, TEMP, PHO]
Hackett C 1982 pp 20 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Eswaran H 1986
Harapiak J 1975 pp 318
Purseglove J 1974 pp 304-310 [RAIN, KTMP, TEXT, PHO]
Edwards S up pp 88
Duke J 1981 pp 195-200 [KTMP, PHO, DRA, TEXT, FER, RAIN, TEMP, PH]
Vietmeyer N 1989 pp 173-179 [PHO, KTMP, TEMP, TEXT, DRA]
Van Waveren E 1993 pp 11
Onwueme I 1991 pp 299-304 [TEMP, KTMP, TEMP, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, PH]
Langer R 1991 pp 266-268 [USE, FER]
Kay D 1979 pp 124-176 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, TEXT, DRA, DEP, PH, PHO]
Rice R 1990 pp 327-329 [PH, RAIN, FER, TEMP]
Maesen L 1989 pp 60-63 [USE, TEMP, PHO, KTMP, RAIN, TEXT, PH, DRA, SAL]
Iwu M 1993 pp 218 [USE, LIMITS]