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Petroselinum crispum

Authority(Mill.)Nym. ex A W Hill
SynonymsCarum petroselinum Benth., Petroselinum hortense Suct.
Common namesbaqdunis, parsley, paseri, perejil, persil, persilja, persille, peterselie, Petersilie, Petroselini folium, Petroselini radix, prezzemolo, pyetrushka, salsa, yang-hu-sui
Ecocrop code1661

BRIEF DESCRIPTION An erect, branched, glabrous, herbaceous plant reaching 30-70 cm in height. The two main forms are the tall-growing 'Hamburg' type, with mainly upright, flat leaves, and the shorter 'Moss Curled' type with recurved leaves which have undulete and serrated margins. USES Leaves and seeds are used in garnish and flavoring. The leaves are a source of vitamin C. Leaves and seeds yield volatile oils that contain apiol. Parsley oil is used as a fragrance in perfumes, soaps, and creams. GROWING PERIOD Biennial or short-lived perennial. Germination may take 30-40 days. Leaves may be harvested 70-100 days from transplanting and harvesting may continue as long as local climatic conditions allow. COMMON NAMES Parsley, Persil, Perejil, Petersilie, Peterselie, Faan Uen sai, Petrosello, Prezzemolo. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: P. sativum, P. hortense, P. vulgare, Carum petroselinum. Parsley is native of southern Europe. In the tropics parsley is best grown above 600 m in elevation but particularly the more upright forms can be grown from sea level. Light shading may be required in areas exposed to direct sunlight.
SOURCES (P. crospum (Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill)
Tindall H 1983 pp 411-412 [DRA, RAIN, TEMP, LIG, PHO]
Hackett C 1982 pp 56 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Duke J 1975 pp 23 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 398 [USE, FER, DRA]
Prakash V 1990 pp 65
Rice R 1990 pp 242 [DRA, FER, PH, LIG]
Hartmann T 1981 pp 569 [FER, TEXT, DRA]
Hockings E 1961b pp 426-427 [TEMP, FER, TEXT]