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Passiflora quadrangularis

SynonymsPassiflora macrocarpa M.T. Mast.
Common namesbadea, barbadine, chum bao dua, corvejo, dua gan tay, erbis, fleur de le passion, ganadilla de fresco, giant granadilla, granadilla, granadilla para refrescos, granadilla real, grandadilla grande, kasaflora, makisa, manesa, maracuja de Caiena, maracuja mamao, maracuja melao, maracuja silvestre, maracuja-assu, maracuya grande, maracuya-acu, markeesa, markiza, markoesa, marquesa, mentimun, Palatini, Parapotina maata (Cooks), parcha, parcha de Guinea, parcha granadina, parola, Pasio (Samoa), Pasione (Tonga), sandía de Pasión, square-stemmed passion flower, su-khontha-rot, timun belanda, timun hutan, Tinitini (Niue), Vine fua lalahi
Ecocrop code1639

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A strong, glabrous climber with fleshy tuberous roots and fleshy ovate-oblong berries, 20-30x10-15 cm, pale yellow or yellowish green when ripe. USES The fruits are a source of phophorous and vitamin A, it is eaten fresh in druit salads or used to flavor ice creams and sherberts, and to make beverages and jams. Green, unripe fruits can be boiled and eaten as vegetables. The roots may be poisonous but is reportedly eaten in Jamaica. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. May begin flowering after about 300 days and produce a reasonable crop 18 months after sowing. It is best to renew plantation every 5-6 years. COMMON NAMES Giant granadilla, Barbardine, Parcha, Passiflora gigante, Maracuja melon, Maracuja melao, Common granadilla, True granadilla, Square-stalked passioflower, Fleur de la passion, Badea, Badera, Granadilla real, Parcha de Guinea, Parcha granadilla, Passionaria, Quijon, Sandia de la passion, Tumbo, Maracuja acu, Maracuja cuscado, Maracuja de igabo, Maracuja mamao, Maracuja melao, Sandia albudeco, Erbis, Markisa, Timun belanda, Timun hutan, Kasaflora, Parola, Sukhontharot, Mathuarot, Taeng kalaa, Chum bao dua, Dua gang tay. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: Passiflora macrocarpa, P. tetragona, P. sulcata. Giant passion fruit is native of tropical South America. It perform best in a hot moist climate and it is grown up to 500-1000 m in elevation in the tropics, 200-500 m is recommended as the optimum altitudinal range. High temperatures accompained by high humidity are necessary for fruiting, under dry atmospheric conditions the flowers produce little or no pollen and the fruit set is consequently poor. A vine may produce 16-50 fruits per season, depending very much on vigour and spacing.
SOURCES (P. quadrangularis L.)
Hackett C 1982 pp 73 [FER, PHO, DEP, PH, TEXT, TEMP]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 216 [USE, LIMIT]
Duke J 1975 pp 23 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Popenoe W 1974 pp 247
Knight R 1984 FC 60
Lotschert W 1983 pp 219
Williams C 1982
Vandenput R 1981 pp 1044
Calabrese F 1987 pp 31
Samson J 1991 pp 289
Purseglove J 1974 pp 427-429 [TEMP]
Hockings E 1961b pp 295-298 [TEMP, FER, DRA, TEXT, USE]
Verheij E 1991 pp 248-249 [USE, KTMP, DRA, FER]