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Ocimum basilicum

SynonymsOcimum americanum L.
Common namesAetheroleum basilici, albahaca, basil, basilic, Basilici herba, basilico, basilicum, Basilienkraut, Basilikum, basilkort, bazilik, common basil, lo-le, maboki, manjericao, raihan, sweet basil
Ecocrop code1547

BRIEF DESCRIPTION An erect aromatic herb from 30-75 cm tall. USES The leaves yield an essential oil used as a flavoring for soups, salads, fish and meat dishes, and in perfumery. The oil also has medicinal properties. GROWING PERIOD Annual herb. Require 70-110 days to first harvest and can thereafter be cut up to three times at 60 days interval. Harvest is take just before the crop starts flowering. Total growing period about 270 days. COMMON NAMES Basil, Common basil, Sweet basil, Basilic, Basilic commun, Albahaca, Bazielkruid, Basilicum, Tulasi, Tulsi, Selaseh, Pokoh, Kemangi, Patmangi, Albahaca, Basilie, Basilienkraut, Basilikum, Konigskraut, Basobila, Adjuban, Hulkot, Zakakewe, Kasse, Kefo, Kendama, Urgo, Zahahene, Sessak, Seseg, Rehan. FURTHER INF Scientific synonym: O. graveolens, O. petitianum. Basil is of Indian or Iran and Afghanistan origin and can in the tropics be grown up to 1000 m of elevation. It needs wind-shelter. Can become a weed in cultivated fields. Mentioned as a useful agroforestry species. Average yield is 1.2-1.5 t/ha of dry, cleaned drug.
SOURCES (O. basilicum L.)
Jansen P 1981 pp 85-96 [LIG, LIMITS, KTMP, USE]
Roecklein J 1987 pp 84 [USE]
Prakash V 1990 pp 3 [USE]
Duke J 1979 pp 107 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Tindall H 1983 pp 247-248 [TEXT, DRA, LIG, USE]
Nair P 1980 pp 309 [LIMITS]
Hornok L 1992 pp 220-224 [TEMP, KTMP, TEXT, DRA, FER]
Langer R 1991 pp 287 [TEMP, RAIN, PH, KTMP, LIG, DRA]
Small E 1994 (pers. comm.)