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Echinacea purpurea

Authority(L.) Moench
SynonymsBrauneria purpurea (L.) Britt., Echinacea intermedia Lindl.,, Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench var. arkansana Steyerm., Echinacea speciosa Paxt., Rudbeckia hispida Hoffm., Rudbeckia purpurea L., Rudbeckia serotina Sweet
Common namesHerba echinaceae purpureae, purple coneflower, red sunflower, roter Sonnenhut
Ecocrop code148275



Temperature: Seeds germinate well at temperatures around 20-22°C. The plant tolerates hot conditions but will withstand winter temperatures down to -30°C.

Water: It tolerates humid conditions and requires moderate, well distributed rainfall or watering. Reported annual rainfall range for growth is 300-1000 mm with the optimum between 400-800 mm.


Range & intensity: Full sunlight under irrigated cultivation conditions for high production. The plant can however also grow in light shade but may grow taller and lankier as a result.

Photoperiodism: It is intermediate-day plant.


Physical: It can grow in any well drained, ordinary soil but prosper in sandy loams with a good content of compost.

Chemical: Prefers limey, fertile soils rich in phosphate but can also grow in infertile soils. Reported soil pH range for growth is 5.5-8 with the optimum between 6.5-7.5.