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Leucaena leucocephala

Authority(Lamk.) De Wit
FamilyMagnoliopsida:Rosidae:Fabales:Leguminosae
SynonymsAcacia glauca Willd., Leucaena glauca (L. ex Willd.) Benth., Leucaena latisiluqua sensu Gillis & Stearn, Mimosa leucocephala Lamark
Common namesbalori, cassis (Vanuatu), faux mimosa, faux-acacia, fua pepe (American Samoa and Samoa), ganitnityuwan tangantan (Yap), guage, haole koa, koa haole, lamtoro, lead tree, leucaena, leucaene, lopa samoa (American Samoa), lusina (Samoa), namas, nito (Cook Islands), pepe (Niue and Samoa), reusewattel, rohbohtin (Kosrae), siale mohemohe (Tonga), stuipboom, talantayan (Guam, Marshall Islands), talntangan, tangan tangan, tangantangan, te kaitetua (Kiribati), telentund (Palau), tuhngantuhngan, vaivai, vaivai dina, vaivai ni vavalagi, vaivai ni vavalangi, vaivai(Fiji), wild tamarind
Editor
Ecocrop code1344



Notes
BRIEF DESCRIPTION A small evergreen summer-growing tree or shrub reaching a height of 5-20 m. The "Hawaiian" type grows 3-5 m tall, while the "Salvador" type reach 15-20 m in height, and the "Peru" type 10-15 m. USES The wood is utilized as roundwood, for construction, lumber, pulpwood, firewood, and charcoal. It provides nutritious forage for cattle and coats, but is poisonous to horses, donkeys, mules, hogs, rabbits, and chickens if eaten solely for long periods. Young pods are cooked as a vegetable, and seeds prepared as a coffee substitute. Bark and roots have medicinal properties. Bees obtain pollen from the flowers. The tree is planted to restore forest cover and as green manure. Mentioned as a possible agroforestry species. KILLING T The tree is killed be heavy frost, and occasional light frost will defoliate it. GROWING PERIOD Fast-growing perennial. It can set pods cyclically every 180-240 days if moisture is sufficient. Fruits ripen in 70-105 days. The tree withstand 180 days of drought. COMMON NAMES Leucaena, Horse tamarind, Ipil-ipil, Koa haole, Vaivai, Lead tree, Tan-tan, Jumbie bean, Acacia bella rosa, Aroma blanco, Hediondilla, Wild tamarind, Ekoa, Zarcilla, Tanta, Lamtoro, Klandingan, Petai cina, Petai belalang, Kunai, Elena, Palo-maria, Kariskis, Ka-thum' theet, Kathin, Kh'oonz koong khaaw, Krathin, To-bao, Keo dau, Bo chet. FURTHER INF Scientific synonyms: L. glauca, L. latisiliqua, Mimosa glauca, Acacia glauca. Leucaena is native of Guatemala and Mexico. It has a latitudinal range of 30°N to 30°S. It is best grown at humidity levels of between 65-72%. High winds may cause leaf shedding. It thrives from sea level up to 500-800 m and growth is slow about 1200-1500 m. It contain toxin that can have an influence on pigs and horses. Annual wood production potential is 20-40 m3/ha and dry matter forage yields may be between 1-15 t/ha. The tree is shade tolerant in youth, it fixes nitrogen, regenerates rapidly and tolerates salt winds. It may not withstand grass fires.
Sources
Grassland Index
Skerman P 1988 pp 566-576 [KTMP, TEMP, RAIN, DRA, DEP, PH, SAL
Rehm S 1991 pp 417 [DRA, SAL, USE]
Duke J 1981 pp 120-122 318 [USE, LIG, RAIN, DRA, TEXT, FER, PH, TEMP]
Duke J 1979 pp 101 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Webb D 1984 pp 191&192 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, PH, DRA, DEP, LIG, USE]
AGLS A 1991 pp 40
Bryant P 1973 pp 351-352 [DRA, TEMP, RAIN, KTMP, PH]
Heath M 1985 pp 160 [DRA, RAIN, PH]
Bogdan A 1977 pp 369-374 [DEP, DRA, RAIN, PH, FER, LIMIT]
Sims D (pers. comm.)
Troup R 1921 pp 486
Ritchie G 1979 pp 207
Mannetje L 1992 pp 150-154 [RAIN, PH, SAL, DRA, FER, DEP]
National RC 1984b
National RC 1980 pp 50-51 [USE, TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, TEXT, PH, LIMITS]
National RC 1983c pp 71 [RAIN, TEXT, PH]
INSPIRE species 108 & 109 [RAIN, TEMP, TEXT, PH, DRA, DEP, LIG, USE]
Maydell H 1986 pp 317-319 [RAIN, TEXT, FER, DRA, PH, USE]
Zabala N 1990 pp 123-127 [TEMP, KTMP, RAIN, PH, TEXT, DRA, LIG, USE]