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Taraxacum officinale

AuthorityWeber; Wigg.
SynonymsLeontodon officinale Gmel., Leontodon taraxacum L., Taraxacum dens-leonis Desf., Taraxacum officinarum Rupr.
Common namescommon dandelion, dandelion, dente di leone, irwabe lenyoka, Löwenzahn, mælkeb¢tte, perdeblom, pissenlit, plant dissel, Tanaceti flos, Tanaceti herba, umashwababa
Ecocrop code10291

BRIEF DESCRIPTION A stemless, polymorphous herb reaching up to 40 cm in height with a long taproot, containing milky juice in all parts. Leaves in a radical rosette, very variable, oblong-spathulate or lanceolate-spathulate, 4-35 x 0.75-10 cm. USES Taproot, leaves, and flowers are nutritious and high in vitamins A and C, and niacin. The leaves are eaten as vegetables, raw or cooked, preferably blanched. Roots and flowers are edible as well. The root yields a bitter resin with medical properties. Dried and ground roots are used in decaffeinated coffee type beverages, as a flavoring in coffee, cacao, and salads. Tender leaves are often made into salads or soups. Flowers are used to make dandelion wine. KILLING T Frost resistant. GROWING PERIOD Perennial. COMMON NAMES Dandelion, Common dandelion, Pissenlit, Dent de lion, Jombang. FURTHER INF Dandelion is native of Europe and continental, temperate Asia. It is most common in temperate areas and it can easily become established as a weed. In the tropics it can only be grown at elevation above 1200 m.
SOURCES (T. officinale Weber)
Roecklein J 1987 pp 15 [USE, TEXT, LIMITS, TEMP, RAIN]
Duke J 1975 pp 29 [PH, RAIN, TEMP]
Voortman R 1994 (pers. comm.)
Siemonsma J 1993 pp 304-305 [USE]